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How to choose the right restaurant equipment

How to choose the right restaurant equipment

❖ When selecting the right equipment is the main essential for a restaurant’s success, for your kitchen to be efficient, for the quality of the food you are serving and for your establishment profitability. ❖ When selecting the right equipment is an extremely important decision for any restaurant owner. It’s not about just filling your kitchen with any random restaurant equipment; it’s about choosing the right equipment for your restaurant concepts. Also to meet your operational needs without overshooting your budget. -understand your menu ❖ Understanding your menu is an essential step for selecting your restaurant equipment. Each dish you are serving needs a specific and different preparation. Selecting the right supplier involves considering several factors to ensure they meet your business's unique needs and standards. ❖ Visit showrooms: Seeing the equipment in person can offer a better sense of its quality and suitability for your kitchen. ❖ Research different suppliers: Look into the range of products they offer, their pricing, and the additional services like maintenance, and support. ❖ Ask for feedback on suppliers: Insights from other restaurant owners can be invaluable. Their experiences can help you gauge the reliability and customer service quality of different suppliers.
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What is a Commercial Oven: Definition, Types & Uses

What is a Commercial Oven: Definition, Types & Uses

If you operate a commercial kitchen then you should be well aware of how useful the commercial oven is. Over time, ovens have become associated with cooking of all types, whether they are residential ovens or commercial convection ovens. If you are looking to open a commercial restaurant or similar establishments, then you need to get the right commercial oven that suits your needs. What Is a Commercial Oven? A commercial oven is a high-quality piece of kitchen and restaurant equipment that is used to make the cooking process in a commercial kitchen very much easier. It makes use of a fan to circulate hot air and also eliminate hot or cold spots to give you evenly cooked food. Restaurant ovens are able to withstand everyday use and they heat up faster than residential ovens while producing higher temperatures. There are different commercial oven types including deck ovens, brick ovens, convection ovens, and combination ovens. What Is the Difference Between a Commercial Oven and a Regular Oven? The main difference between commercial ovens and regular ovens is their size and durability. Standard commercial ovens are designed to withstand heavy use and also come with more features than traditional ovens that allow them to cook food economically and safely. Regular ovens are generally made for home use, while commercial ovens are to be used in catering businesses, bakeries, and quick-service restaurants. What are Commercial Ovens Used For? Commercial ovens are used by big restaurants to cook food more consistently and at a lower temperature than you would expect from standard ovens. Unlike your typical oven that offers basic cooking, the commercial convection oven is used to cook food more evenly and faster.
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Commercial Refrigeration

Commercial Refrigeration


How to Choose a Commercial Refrigerator: 21 Factors to Consider


 In the bustling heart of every food service operation, commercial refrigeration stands as the unsung hero, preserving quality and extending the shelf life of precious edibles. As a restaurant owner or a business stakeholder, understanding the nuances of refrigeration systems becomes crucial to making an informed purchase. This comprehensive guide will lead you through the icy terrain of commercial refrigerators, ensuring your choice is nothing short of the best.

What are the Types of Commercial Refrigerators?

Delving into the cold, it is imperative to recognize that not all commercial refrigerators are created equal. Each type boasts unique features suited to various environments from the clamor of restaurant kitchens to the calm of convenience stores.

We will explore the most prevalent types, weighing their pros and cons, and discuss their price points, so you are never left out in the cold when making a significant business investment.

Reach-In Refrigerators

Often the first image to come to mind when one thinks of commercial refrigeration, reach-in refrigerators are the workhorses of food storage. They stand tall and provide remarkable convenience with full, half, or glass doors that offer chefs and kitchen staff a clear view of food items. Depending on their size and model, the price range can swing from modest to premium, accommodating a variety of food business budgets. Their prices can range from approximately $1,000 for a basic model, up to $10,000 for high-end units that include advanced features like LED lighting, digital temperature control, and smart energy-saving functions. 


  • Energy efficient
  • Available in many sizes to fit space constraints.
  • Often equipped with adjustable shelves for versatile storage


  • Can be more expensive than traditional refrigeration.
  • May require significant floor space.
  • Glass door models may have higher energy costs due to heat gain.

Pass-Through Refrigerators

A middle ground between the front and back of house, pass-through refrigerators ease a seamless workflow, enabling food to be accessed from both sides. These units can range in price, but the convenience and time saved often justify the cost. These refrigerators are priced between $3,000 and $15,000, reflecting their specialized use and the convenience they provide.


  • Enable easy access for both kitchen and serving staff.
  • Help keep a cleaner kitchen with less foot traffic.


  • Typically require more space and planning in kitchen design
  • Can be on the higher end of the price spectrum due to their dual access nature.

Undercounter Refrigerators

Designed to slide under prep tables or counters, these refrigerators are ideal for kitchens with limited space. They vary in price but are an excellent investment for those looking to maximize kitchen real estate. The pricing for undercounter units tends to start around $500 for a simple, small-capacity model and can go up to $5,000 for larger, more feature-rich options.


  • Can double as a food prep surface, enhancing space use.
  • Easily accessible for chefs and cooks during food preparation
  • Lower height models can slide under custom spaces or be tucked away discreetly.


  • Smaller storage ability than larger units
  • Can be less accessible due to their low position.

Walk-In Refrigerators

From large-scale dining facilities to retail grocery stores, walk-in refrigerators are the zenith of commercial cold storage. When it comes to large volumes of food storage, they are unparalleled. The costs for walk-in refrigerators vary widely based on size, custom features, and installation complexity, typically ranging from $5,000 for a small, standard model to over $30,000 for a large


  • Capable of storing copious quantities of food products
  • Customizable to fit specific business needs and sizes.


  • More expensive due to their size and custom nature
  • Require professional installation and more extensive maintenance.

Chef Base Refrigerators

Chef base refrigerators are integral to the efficiency of a cook line. Nestled beneath countertop cooking equipment, they provide both refrigeration and support for griddles, char broilers, or even coffee brewers. Here is a closer look:


  • Enhances workflow by allowing kitchen staff to access ingredients directly from their prep area.
  • Space-saving design that maximizes floor space in commercial kitchens.
  • Often comes with reinforced tops that can manage heavy cooking equipment.


  • Limited storage ability, suited for immediate-use ingredients rather than bulk storage.
  • Can be more expensive to repair due to their specialized design and dual functionality.

Price Range: Typically, chef base refrigerators range from $1,500 to $4,000, depending on size and features like drawers and heavy-duty casters.

Merchandiser Refrigerators

Merchandiser refrigerators are designed with marketing in mind, boasting glass doors that display food and beverages attractively to entice customers. They are a staple in grocery stores, convenience stores, and cafeterias.

Glass Door Refrigerators

Glass door merchandisers specifically offer visibility and ease of access:


  • Increase impulse buys due to the visibility of products.
  • LED lighting inside offers enhanced product display and energy efficiency.


  • Glass doors are prone to smudges and require frequent cleaning.
  • Often less energy-efficient than solid door models due to heat gain through the glass.

Price Range: The prices for merchandiser refrigerators with glass doors can vary widely, typically falling between $1,000 to over $5,000, contingent upon the size and number of doors.

Worktop Refrigerators

Worktop refrigerators combine cold storage with a prep area, and are commonly used in sandwich shops, pizzerias, and other food prep environments.


  • Multifunctional: They offer a food prep surface as well as refrigeration.
  • Available in many sizes to fit different kitchen layouts and needs.


  • The workspace on top can limit the storage space inside.
  • The refrigeration system may need more frequent maintenance due to constant opening and closing.

Price Range: These units range from around $1,200 to $3,000, varying in length, depth, and features like backsplashes and cutting board surfaces.

Dual-Temperature Refrigerators

For kitchens needing both refrigerated and frozen products at hand, dual-temperature refrigerators are the go-to.


  • Versatile storage options, with separate compartments for refrigerated and frozen items.
  • Ideal for kitchens with limited space that require both refrigerator and freezer capabilities.


  • The complexity of the unit can lead to higher first costs and maintenance expenses.
  • Often larger in size, requiring more floor space than single-temperature units.

Price Range: These range from $2,500 to $7,000+, depending on capacity and whether they feature reach-in doors or drawers.

Refrigerated Prep Tables

Refrigerated prep tables are essential for sandwiches, salad, and pizza prep, allowing staff to assemble dishes efficiently.


  • Streamlines the food prep process with ingredients kept at safe temperatures.
  • Often comes with cutting boards and food pans for convenience.


  • Can have a larger footprint, which may not be suitable for all kitchen layouts.
  • Requires consistent cleaning to prevent bacteria growth in the food pans and under the cutting board.

Price Range: The investment for refrigerated prep tables can span from $1,000 to $5,000, influenced by size, pan capacity, and whether it is a sandwich or pizza prep table.

Bar Refrigeration

Bar refrigeration is specialized for the needs of a bustling bar environment, ranging from bottle coolers to glass frosters.


  • Designed to fit under bar counters, they perfect the bartender's workspace.
  • Lockable doors and LED lighting are common features enhancing both security and ambiance.


  • Given the variety of sizes and configurations, selecting the right unit can be challenging.
  • The frequent opening of doors can lead to increased energy costs if not effectively managed.

Price Range: Starting around $1,000 and climbing over $2,500 for larger units or those with specialized features like slide-top bottle coolers or glass frosters.

Refrigerated Display Cases

These cases are the stage where food products play the starring role, visible behind transparent glass doors that invite patrons to feast with their eyes first. This category includes:

Sushi Display Cases


  • Designed with a minimalistic aesthetic, they ensure the delicate art of sushi is displayed with sophistication.
  • Advanced refrigeration systems keep raw fish at precise temperatures to prevent bacteria growth.


  • Limited in use to sushi and similar small items, they offer less versatility.
  • Higher maintenance due to the delicate temperature needs of raw fish.

Price Range: Typically ranges from $1,000 to $5,000, depending on size and features.

Open Display Cases


  • Offer convenience and easy access, boosting impromptu and quick selection.
  • Effective cooling technology ensures even temperature distribution.


  • Energy costs can be higher due to the open design.
  • More prone to temperature fluctuations with frequent customer interactions.

Price Range: Costs fall between $2,000 and $10,000, contingent on dimensions and energy efficiency features.

Bakery Display Cases


  • Specialized shelving accommodates a variety of bakery items, from bread to cookies.
  • Often equipped with LED lighting to enhance the visual appeal of baked goods.


  • Humidity control can be a challenge, affecting the shelf life of certain products.
  • Glass requires regular cleaning to keep an inviting display.

Price Range: Prices range from $1,500 to $8,000, shaped by the case's size and customization options.

Deli Display Cases


  • Precision temperature controls safeguard the quality of meats and cheeses.
  • Glass doors enhance product visibility and encourage purchases.


  • Space can be a constraint for larger deli items.
  • They need frequent restocking to keep freshness and variety.

Price Range: They are priced between $2,000 and $12,000, affected by capacity and temperature features.

Specialty Refrigerators

A commercial kitchen's needs are as varied as the menu it offers. Specialty refrigerators cater to these unique requirements.

Milk Coolers


  • Specifically tailored to store milk cartons, ensuring they are kept at the best chill.
  • Convenient for cafeteria settings, offering easy access for quick service.


  • Typically, a single-use appliance, which may not be cost-effective for all operations.
  • Size and design options are limited, often requiring a dedicated space.

Price Range: Prices can start around $1,500 and can exceed $3,000 for larger units with advanced features.

Drop-In Coolers


  • Integrated into countertops for a seamless look and efficient space use.
  • Ideal for sandwich shops or prep areas where ingredients need to be kept at hand.


  • Installation can be more complex and costly due to the built-in design.
  • Ability is often less than freestanding units, limiting storage space.

Price Range: Starting from $2,000 up to $6,000, influenced by the size and integration complexity.

Frost Top


  • Provides a cold surface ideal for preparing and presenting chilled foods.
  • Enhances the customer experience with a visual and functional appeal.


  • Limited in application to items that need a cold presentation surface.
  • Energy consumption can be high to keep the surface chill.

Price Range: These units typically range from $1,000 to $4,000, dependent on the surface area and cooling technology.

How to Determine the Right Commercial Refrigerator for Your Needs?

Unpacking the various elements to consider when choosing a commercial refrigerator can be as intricate as the mechanisms within the refrigeration units themselves. A restaurant owner or any business operator must scrutinize several factors to ensure their selection not only aligns with their business needs but also with operational efficiency and customer satisfaction. To elucidate, let us delve into each factor with tangible examples, as if picking the perfect cold companion for your culinary venture.

Assessing Storage Needs

The cornerstone of selecting a commercial refrigerator is understanding your storage needs. Whether it is a bustling sandwich shop requiring a reach-in refrigerator for quick access or a convenience store needing robust walk-in coolers for bulk inventory, the ability and accessibility of your refrigeration system are pivotal.

For instance, a cafeteria setting may prioritize display cases with glass doors for easy visibility and stock management, while a busy pizza prep table may receive help from undercounter refrigerators that offer added prep space.

Evaluating Your Budget and Costs

Initial investments and long-term energy costs are the financial fibers woven into the decision-making fabric. High-quality refrigerators with LED lighting and advanced insulation may present a steeper upfront cost but can lead to significant energy savings. A budget-conscious restaurant may opt for a refurbished model, balancing cost with functionality.

Deciding Accessibility and Space Constraints

The layout of your kitchen or store dictates the type of refrigerator that will complement your space. A compact kitchen may require an undercounter unit to maximize floor space, while larger kitchens with high-volume demands might receive help from a spacious walk-in unit.

Understanding Temperature Requirements for Your Products

Every food item from meats to delicate desserts has a specific temperature range to inhibit bacteria growth and keep quality. For instance, a high-end steakhouse might invest in a blast chiller for rapidly cooling meats, thus locking in quality and safety.

Deciding on a Style and Configuration that Suits Your Business

The nature of your business heavily influences whether you will benefit more from a unit with half doors, which can reduce energy consumption, or one with full swing doors for ease of loading and unloading bulky goods.

A bar with limited space might select a back bar cooler with sliding doors for efficiency, while a grocery store could opt for a model with glass doors and shelves designed for customer convenience and product display.

Considering the Condenser and Compressor Location

The placement of these key components affects the refrigerator's efficiency and your kitchen's workflow. A top-mounted compressor might avoid floor dust and debris, while a bottom-mounted one may be easier for your staff to keep and clean.

Choosing Between New, Used, and Refurbished Units

This decision is influenced by a balance of budget, warranty considerations, and the expected volume of use. A new unit might offer the latest in energy efficiency and a robust warranty, while a used model could present large savings.

Consider Food Quantity and Menu

The amount and variety of food you intend to store will influence your choice. For a deli, for instance, having a refrigerator with ample sectioned spaces for different meats and cheeses is essential, while a sandwich shop may need a prep table with refrigerated drawers for easy access to fresh ingredients.

What Features Should You Look for in a Commercial Refrigerator?

Ability and Dimensions

Understanding the ability and dimensions of a commercial refrigerator is essential. Not only does this affect how much food product can be stored, but it also decides how the refrigerator fits into your kitchen space. Opting for a refrigerator that is too large may waste floor space, while being too small could limit your food storage capabilities. The size of the refrigerator should complement the volume of food items your business handles daily, considering factors like the number of customers and the menu.

Number of Doors

The number of doors on a commercial refrigerator directly influences its accessibility and storage space. With options ranging from single-door reach-in refrigerators to multiple-door walk-in coolers, business owners must assess their food storage needs and kitchen layout. More doors can mean easier sectioning of products and increased efficiency for kitchen staff.

Door Types and Materials

The door type of a refrigerator can affect everything from energy costs to convenience.

Full Doors vs. Half Doors

Full doors offer a single large opening, suitable for storage of big items or bulk food products. Half doors, or Dutch doors, allow for less chilly air loss since only one section of the refrigerator is opened at a time, which can be beneficial for energy conservation.

Solid Doors vs. Glass Doors

Solid doors provide better insulation and are ideal for keeping food items out of direct light. Glass doors, on the other hand, offer visibility that can help with inventory management and reduce the need to open the doors often, conserving energy and reducing the risk of temperature fluctuations.

Door Handles, Locks, and Alarms

Security features like locks help in keeping the safety of food items, while alarms can alert staff to an open door, preventing efficiency losses and bacteria growth. The design of door handles also plays a part in the ease of use, with some models designed to provide easier access in high-traffic environments.

Self-Closing and Reversible Doors

Self-closing doors enhance energy efficiency and food safety by ensuring the door is not inadvertently left open. Reversible doors offer flexibility in kitchen design, allowing refrigerators to be placed in a variety of locations without worrying about door clearance.

What Features Should You Look for in a Commercial Refrigerator?

When considering the purchase of refrigeration units, the options can seem endless; however, some features stand as paramount. Let us discuss all of them.

Compressor Types and Location

The compressor is the core of a refrigeration system, instrumental in supporting the desired temperatures to keep food products fresh. Its location—whether top-mounted or bottom-mounted—affects both performance and maintenance. Top-mounted compressors typically do not pull in as much kitchen dust and grease, potentially reducing the cleaning frequency and extending the unit’s life. Conversely, bottom-mounted compressors often make for easier access and better suitability in hot areas since heat rises.

Additionally, for businesses seeking quieter operations and reduced heat emission in the kitchen area, remote compressors serve as an excellent choice, albeit with potentially higher installation costs.

Top-Mounted vs. Bottom-Mounted Compressors

Top-Mounted Compressors:

  • Less exposure to floor-level dust and debris
  • Better for cooler environments where heat rises away from the compressor.

Bottom-Mounted Compressors:

  • Easier accessibility for maintenance and service
  • Often a more ergonomic design, as the refrigeration unit is raised off the floor.

Remote Compressors

Remote Compressors are installed away from the main unit, often on the roof. This setup:

  • Reduces noise and heat emissions in the kitchen.
  • May improve the efficiency and longevity of the compressor.

Digital Thermostats and Temperature Control

Digital thermostats allow for precise temperature management, essential for both food safety and cost savings. They enable kitchen staff to set specific temperatures, necessary for diverse food products, from meats to dairy. Temperature control is also pivotal in reducing energy consumption, as even a few degrees can significantly affect energy costs.

Shelves and Storage Configuration

The versatility of a commercial refrigerator's interior is crucial for perfecting space and organization. Features to consider include:

  • Adjustable shelves for different sized products
  • Sliding or half doors to minimize chilly air loss.
  • Specialized compartments for unique food items like bottles or sauces

Defrost Mechanism

Defrosting is a necessary function to prevent frost buildup, which can impair a refrigerator's performance and increase energy consumption. Options include:

  • Automatic defrost cycles that perfect convenience and efficiency.
  • Manuals defrost options that may offer more control but require more firsthand time.

Insulation and Energy Efficiency

Top-notch insulation is the bedrock of an efficient commercial refrigeration system. A refrigerator that cannot keep a consistent temperature not only risks food safety but also drives up energy costs. Energy efficiency plays a dual role; it is both an environmentally conscious choice and a financially sound one. For instance, walk-in coolers that boast of high-quality insulation materials and energy-efficient designs such as LED lighting can lead to lower utility bills, making them a savvy investment for cost-conscious businesses.

The importance of energy efficiency extends beyond just cost savings. It resonates with customers who are increasingly supportive of environmentally responsible restaurants. Additionally, energy-efficient units often follow industry standards, which can be a significant consideration for business operations.

Lighting Options

The interior lighting of a commercial refrigerator does more than just illuminate; it plays a critical role in the functionality and aesthetics of the unit. LED lighting, for example, not only provides excellent visibility for staff to quickly find food items but also runs cooler and uses less energy than traditional bulbs. Options like glass doors on refrigeration units serve the dual purpose of display and inventory checks, reducing the need to open the door often and thus saving energy.

Removable Door Gaskets and Maintenance Ease

Maintenance is a crucial factor in the lifespan and performance of refrigeration equipment. Features like removable door gaskets are invaluable for regular cleaning, which is essential for preventing bacteria growth and ensuring the unit runs at peak efficiency. The ease of maintenance also translates to less downtime for the unit, which is critical to businesses where every minute of operation counts.

Safety and Durability Features

In the bustling environment of a commercial kitchen, the durability of equipment is non-negotiable. Refrigerators and freezers must withstand frequent usage, the occasional bump from carts or kitchen staff, and keep their structural integrity. Safety features also play a pivotal role, such as slip-resistant flooring in walk-in units or secure door manages to prevent accidents. A refrigerator’s resilience directly influences its reliability, affecting the consistency of food quality served to customers.

Warranty and After-sales Support

The purchase of a commercial refrigerator is a considerable investment, and the warranty and after-sales support offered can be indicative of the unit’s quality. A comprehensive warranty can alleviate concerns about potential repair costs, while responsive after-sales support ensures that any issues can be swiftly addressed. This not only safeguards the business’s operations but also provides peace of mind for the owner and the team that relies on the refrigeration unit for daily tasks.

What are the Installation and Maintenance Considerations for Commercial Refrigerators?

 As the backbone of cold storage, whether it is a sleek glass door merchandiser in a convenience store or a robust walk-in cooler in a busy restaurant, the installation and maintenance of these units demand careful consideration. To this end, the planning, compressor placement, and ongoing upkeep are not merely about technicalities but about preserving food quality, ensuring safety, keeping cost-efficiency, and enhancing the longevity of the refrigeration units.

Planning Your Installation

The foundation of a well-functioning commercial refrigeration system is thoughtful planning. For a restaurant owner, this goes beyond selecting a unit that keeps the beverages cold; it requires a comprehensive assessment of the business's unique needs. The planning stage should address questions like: Does the cook line require a convenient undercounter refrigerator for ease of access, or is a walk-in unit necessary to store bulk supplies? How much floor space is available, and how will the installation affect the kitchen staff's workflow? When considering a refrigeration solution, energy efficiency and storage ability are also crucial, affecting not only operational costs but the environmental footprint of the business.

Key factors in planning include:

  • Assessing the size and type of refrigerators and freezers needed based on menu and volume of food storage.
  • Deciding between various door types, such as swing doors or half doors, to suit the workflow and space.
  • Considering the reach-in refrigerators' placement in relation to the prep area for maximum efficiency and convenience.
  • Evaluating the need for specialty refrigeration solutions like blast chillers, bar refrigeration, or milk coolers based on the specific food items and drinks served.

Compressor Location Considerations

The compressor, the main part of a refrigeration system, requires careful consideration during installation. Compressor location is pivotal, affecting everything from the system's energy consumption to its longevity. Ideally, it should be placed in a location where the temperature is controlled and well-ventilated to prevent overheating. Additionally, positioning it for ease of service and maintenance is essential to avoid operational disruptions and costly downtime.

Considerations for compressor placement:

  • Ensuring adequate ventilation to prevent overheating and prolong compressor life.
  • Placing the compressor away from areas where grease and dust accumulate, as these can clog the system.
  • Making sure there's sufficient room for maintenance staff to access the compressor without hindrance.

Maintenance Tips to Keep Your Refrigerator Running Efficiently

Regular maintenance is a non-negotiable aspect of commercial refrigeration. It is not only about fixing what is broken but preventing issues from arising in the first place. The focus here is on a maintenance regimen that targets key areas of a refrigeration unit to perfect its function and efficiency.

Cleaning the Condenser Coil and Fan Blades

Dust and grease can insulate the condenser coil and fan blades, restricting their ability to release heat. This can result in overworking the compressor and shortening the life of the fridge. Routine cleaning, as part of a regular maintenance schedule, can prevent this build-up and promote better energy efficiency.

Ensuring Proper Airflow

A refrigerator's interior should be organized to ensure consistent airflow across all shelves. Overstocking or improper arrangement of food products can obstruct cool air from circulating, causing the unit to work harder to keep the required temperatures and risking food safety.

Regularly Checking and Cleaning Door Gaskets

The seal around the refrigerator door is crucial in keeping the cold environment inside. Regular checks for cracks or wear in the door gaskets can save energy and prevent stress on the refrigeration system. A simple cleaning routine can also extend the life of these gaskets.

Replacing Worn Out or Damaged Parts

Wear and tear on components like shelves, door handles, and lighting is inevitable. However, prompt replacement of these parts ensures that the refrigerator stays safe to use and efficient in operation.

How Energy-Efficient are Commercial Refrigerators?

When discussing the realm of commercial refrigeration, a pivotal aspect that appears is energy efficiency. For any restaurant owner or business that relies on refrigeration systems, understanding the impact of energy-efficient commercial refrigerators on both operating costs and environmental footprint is paramount.

Evaluating Energy Efficiency Ratings

In the world of commercial refrigeration, evaluating energy efficiency is a sophisticated process. It goes beyond just seeing the electricity bill; it involves understanding the ratings that quantify a refrigerator’s energy consumption. These ratings are not just numbers on a spec sheet; they are indicative of the amount of energy these units consume, reflecting directly on the overheads a restaurant or convenience store might incur.

Here is a more detailed exploration:

  • ENERGY STAR Rating: Appliances carrying the ENERGY STAR label meet strict energy efficiency guidelines set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Refrigeration systems with this label are generally at least 15% more energy-efficient than the smallest federal standard.
  • Ener Guide Label: This label, found in Canada but also informative for the U.S. market, provides an annual energy consumption figure in kWh, allowing comparisons between models based on yearly operating cost estimates.
  • CEC (California Energy Commission) Certification: For businesses in California, the CEC provides a benchmark for energy efficiency, ensuring that the refrigeration systems follow the state’s stringent energy use standards.
  • DOE (Department of Energy) Standards: In the United States, the DOE sets forth efficiency standards. A refrigerator that meets or exceeds these standards is efficient in its energy use.
  • Commercial Refrigeration Manufacturers Rating: Some manufacturers provide their own energy efficiency scales, often displaying advanced technologies such as LED lighting or ECM (electronically commutated motors) that consume less energy.
  • Refrigerant Type: Refrigerators using hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)-free refrigerants can often be more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly.
  • High-Efficiency Insulation: Refrigeration units equipped with high-efficiency insulation can keep cold temperatures more effectively, reducing the energy required to keep the desired temperature.
  • Advanced Thermostats: Units with advanced thermostats that offer precise temperature control prevent overcooling, which can contribute to reduced energy consumption.

Benefits of Energy-Efficient Refrigerators

The adoption of energy-efficient commercial refrigerators brings with them a plethora of advantages. This is not just about energy costs; it is also about food quality and the longevity of refrigeration equipment. From walk-in coolers with advanced insulation to reach-in refrigerators that boast LED lighting, each energy-efficient model is a testament to the advancements in refrigeration technology that resonate with business needs and environmental considerations.

Tips for Enhancing Energy Efficiency

Optimizing energy efficiency in commercial refrigerators is not solely dependent on the first design and manufacturing. It extends to usage and maintenance as well. Kitchen staff, through daily practices, can influence the energy footprint of their refrigeration units. Proper sealing of door gaskets, organizing food items for best chilly air distribution, and regular cleaning to prevent the build-up of dust and debris on condensers are all actions that can significantly reduce energy consumption.


Seeking Professional Advice and Recommendations

In the complex landscape of commercial refrigeration, restaurant owners and kitchen staff are confronted with a plethora of options for refrigeration systems. Each choice carries implications for food quality, energy efficiency, and operational flow. 

Thus, the gravity of making an informed decision cannot be overstated. By engaging professionals and delving into the offerings of reputable manufacturers, businesses can navigate this dense market with confidence.

Researching Reputable

Brands and Manufacturers Renowned brands in the commercial refrigeration sphere, such as Coldline, Arctic Air, Turbo Air, Everest, and Beverage Air, represent more than mere names. They signify a commitment to quality and reliability. Refrigeration systems by these manufacturers have consistently provided businesses with solutions that couple innovation with steadfast performance. 

Each brand carries its unique strengths—whether it be in energy efficiency, design, or refrigeration technology—and their offerings should be scrutinized for alignment with specific business needs.

The Role of Professional Consultation in Making an Informed Decision

Professional guidance is indispensable in discerning the nuances between various refrigeration units. NRES, for instance, is not merely a dealer of commercial refrigerators; it is a consultant that aids in maximizing kitchen efficiency and food safety. With a vast array of commercial refrigerators, NRES caters to spaces where easy access to cold products is paramount. Our commercial refrigerators, popular in bars and restaurants, exemplify how the right refrigeration solution can streamline operations.


The pursuit of the perfect commercial refrigerator is not merely a transaction—it is an investment in the future of a business. A well-chosen refrigeration system becomes a silent partner in the daily dance of food service, supporting staff, preserving food, and contributing to the establishment’s overall success.

 Feel free to contact NRES if you are still not sure what type of commercial refrigeration you need. Our experts will guide you through the process and make sure that you get the most useful model for your business.

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What is a Prep Table: Definition, Types & Maintenance

What is a Prep Table: Definition, Types & Maintenance

The contemporary kitchen, be it commercial or domestic, has seen a revolutionary addition - the Prep Table. These tables, versatile in design and function, make food preparation more organized and efficient. Delve into the intricacies of what makes them so indispensable and how to choose the perfect fit for your needs.

What is a Prep Table?

A prep table, simply put, is a specialized workspace in the culinary setting, designed to enhance food preparation efficiency. Its architecture facilitates easy access to ingredients while ensuring they are stored in the right environment, making it an indispensable piece of equipment in a modern commercial kitchen.

Why Use a Prep Table in a Commercial Kitchen?

The bustling ambiance of a commercial kitchen requires equipment that is streamlined for speed, functionality, and hygiene. Prep tables come into play here. They allow chefs to have everything at their fingertips - from fresh produce to sauces, while also maintaining optimal temperatures for perishables.

What are the Common Components of a Prep Table?

Prep tables' significance isn't just tied to their primary function; their various components play critical roles in ensuring that chefs and kitchen staff have a seamless experience during their culinary endeavors.

The Pan Rail

At the heart of any prep table lies the pan rail. Often viewed as the backbone of prep tables, its primary function extends far beyond being just a physical frame.

  • Functionality and Utility: The pan rail ensures ingredients are always within arm's reach, providing an accessible storage area for food pans. For businesses, this feature can greatly improve kitchen efficiency, making it easier for chefs to access ingredients and craft dishes swiftly.
  • Variety in Design: Pan rails come in various designs. Whether you're working with pizza prep tables, sandwich prep tables, or salad tables, each has a unique pan rail design optimized for specific food prep needs.
  • Material and Durability: Built primarily from stainless steel, these rails offer durability, ensuring they withstand the wear and tear of a busy kitchen environment.

Lid/Hood of the Prep Table

While it may appear as a mere covering, the hood or lid of the prep table performs critical functions.

  • Temperature Regulation: The primary role of the lid is to maintain the right pan temperatures. In doing so, it guarantees that ingredients retain their freshness, adding value to the dishes being prepared.
  • Design and Customization: Some models offer glass lids, enabling kitchen staff to have a quick glance at the stored items without necessarily opening the lid. This feature is not only efficient but also minimizes temperature fluctuations.
  • Additional Features: Certain advanced models come equipped with sneeze guards and spill containers, ensuring a hygienic food prep area and easy cleanup.

Cutting Board

Cutting boards serve as a chef's immediate work area. Their varieties are tailored to suit different kitchen needs.

  • Material Types: From sturdy stainless steel to classic wood and hygienic poly options, there's a cutting board for every chef's preference.
  • Specialized Prep Tables: Pizza prep tables often come with cutting boards tailored for pizza prep, ensuring chefs can craft their pies efficiently. Similarly, sandwich prep tables might feature boards optimized for sandwich bread.
  • Maintenance and Hygiene: Given their direct contact with food, regular cleaning and maintenance of these boards are paramount. Some advanced models even offer removable cutting boards, facilitating easy cleaning and replacement.

Refrigerated Base

The refrigerated base is pivotal in ensuring ingredients remain fresh.

  • Efficiency and Design: Most refrigerated bases utilize copper lines and advanced refrigeration systems to maintain a consistent temperature.
  • Storage Options: They typically feature wire shelves, offering chefs a convenient storage space for larger items like sheet pans and containers. Some models also provide drawers, allowing kitchen staff to organize ingredients systematically.
  • Size and Capacity: Depending on the restaurant's needs, one can choose from varying sizes, each offering different storage capacities. Whether you're running a sandwich shop requiring specific sandwich salad storage or a pizzeria needing ample space for pizza ingredients, there's a refrigerated base for every requirement.

Air Cooled

Often seen as the standard, this method offers uniform cooling. It's known for its energy efficiency, but it might dry out certain food items.

  • Pros: Uniform cooling, energy efficient.
  • Cons: Can dry some food items.

Cold Wall

This approach ensures even temperature by providing direct cooling from the walls. It's particularly efficient for larger items, though there might be spots with varying temperatures.

  • Pros: Efficient for larger items, reduced air movement.
  • Cons: Might create spots with varying temperatures.

Liquid Jacket

A more advanced technique, it employs liquid channels for cooling. It's heralded for consistent temperatures and energy-saving features. However, this model might be pricier and may need specialized maintenance.

  • Pros: Consistent temperatures, energy-saving.
  • Cons: Can be more expensive, may require specialized maintenance.


Often termed the heart of refrigeration, the size and efficiency of compressors are paramount. A well-sized compressor ensures efficient cooling without excessive energy consumption, striking a balance between performance and power use.

Air Intake

Just as essential is the prep table's ability to "breathe." Efficient air intake not only ensures optimal performance but also plays a pivotal role in the longevity of the unit. Some models even feature a "breathing model" design, optimizing airflow to ensure peak performance.

What are the different Types of Prep Tables

It’s essential to know about the types of prep tables that cater to different needs, especially in specialized areas like pizza prep or sandwich assembly.

Sandwich and Salad Tables

An integral part of many bustling kitchens, the sandwich and salad tables prioritize efficiency and freshness. Designed meticulously for the rapid assembly of sandwiches and salads, these tables offer a seamless experience to kitchen staff. Their design ensures:

  • Easy access to fillings and toppings
  • Preservation of ingredient freshness
  • Speedy service without compromising on the dish's integrity

With the growing demand for healthier choices, salad prep tables in particular have become a must-have for many establishments. The precise refrigeration systems in these units maintain the crispness of veggies and other ingredients, elevating the overall dining experience for patrons.

Pizza Tables

Pizzerias are realms of culinary wonder, dishing out an array of pizzas that tantalize the taste buds. Here, the pizza prep table reigns supreme. With its bespoke design features tailored for pizza crafting, these tables have become an industry standard. They often showcase:

  • Larger cutting boards for efficient pizza prep
  • Dedicated compartments for diverse toppings
  • Enhanced organization that streamlines the pizza-making journey, ensuring that each slice meets perfection.

Beyond just the toppings, these tables also come equipped with cooling systems that maintain pan temperatures, ensuring that ingredients remain fresh.

What are the Different Prep Table Sizes

When it comes to prep tables, the size chosen is often a reflection of both the kitchen's spatial constraints and the volume of food prep required. A restaurant's efficiency is often hinged on optimizing its work area. Prep tables typically come in an array of sizes, catering to diverse needs. Sizes commonly range from:

  • 27" width, suitable for smaller operations
  • 72" width, catering to businesses with substantial food prep volumes

Doors or Drawers

Storage is often at a premium in busy kitchens. Prep tables come with configurations that blend aesthetics with functionality, presenting a choice between doors and drawers. While doors typically promise more expansive storage space, drawers cater to better organization. For instance:

  • Drawers excel in housing smaller ingredients, ensuring that they are easily accessible
  • Doors, on the other hand, are more conducive for larger food pans or sheet pans

The decision between the two hinges on the kitchen's needs, the type of food items predominant in the menu, and the chef’s personal preferences.

Top Varieties

Kitchens today are blessed with a plethora of options when it comes to the top varieties of prep tables. The most popular ones include:

Standard Top

Standard top prep tables have held their spot as a favorite amongst restaurant equipment for decades. Their simple design and functionality make them an easy choice for many establishments, ranging from bustling pizzerias to quaint sandwich spots.

At its core, the standard top is the epitome of a reliable prep area. Often made of stainless steel, it provides ample space for food prep, storing ingredients, and more.


  • Versatility: Adapts to diverse culinary needs, making it perfect for salads, sandwiches, and pizza prep.
  • Affordability: Respectful of budget constraints, it's an ideal pick for start-ups and businesses wary of overhead labor costs.


  • Limited Special Features: The standard top might lack certain niche features, making it less than perfect for specialized tasks or dishes.
  • Storage Area: While adequate for most, some might find the storage section limited, especially when compared to other models like the mega top.

Mega Top

For kitchens that are always bustling with activity and need that extra storage space, the mega top prep table steps into the limelight. With its expanded pan rail designs and a focus on maximizing storage, it’s the go-to for many larger establishments.

The mega top's claim to fame is its pan rail model, which houses more food pans than its counterparts. This extended rail ensures ingredients are always within arm's reach, boosting kitchen staff efficiency.


  • Enhanced Storage Options: Ingredients, be it for pizzas or salads, are always at a chef's disposal.
  • Superior Organization: Thanks to additional pan rail space, things are more organized, which means less time is spent searching for ingredients.


  • Footprint: Its larger size might pose a challenge for compact kitchens or small restaurant environments.
  • Oversized for Some: Businesses with minimal operations might find the mega top's expansive size more than they need, potentially eating into valuable kitchen real estate.

Cutting Top

The cutting top variety of prep tables seamlessly integrates functionality with design. It's like having a dedicated work table and a prep table, all rolled into one unit.

With a larger integrated cutting board, these tables are a chef’s delight. The cutting board ensures that the base of the chef's operations is rooted in efficiency, making it a favorite among establishments that value quick food prep.


  • Expanded Work Area: The table facilitates intensive chopping and dicing tasks, ensuring chefs can work on their dishes without feeling cramped.
  • Integrated Cutting Boards: Chefs no longer need to hunt for a separate cutting board, making the process smoother and more streamlined.


  • Size Concerns: While the expansive cutting area is a boon, it does consume more space, potentially compromising the storage section below.
  • Not for Every Kitchen: Those establishments where extensive chopping isn't a daily affair might find the cutting top more of a luxury than a necessity.

How long does a prep table last?

On average, with good maintenance, a prep table can last anywhere from 5 to 15 years.

How much does a prep table cost?

Prices vary based on size, brand, and features. While an entry-level model might commence at a modest $1,000, it offers limited features and may cater to smaller businesses with lesser demands. Meanwhile, the other end of the spectrum reveals high-end models, boasting myriad special features and spacious storage sections, which can nudge the price towards or even past the $10,000 mark.

How to Maintain a Prep Table and Improve its Lifespan?

Given the significant role they play in ensuring a smooth food prep experience, ensuring their longevity becomes paramount. Not only does a well-maintained prep table ensure efficiency in the kitchen, but it also helps in reducing labor costs over time.

Common Issues and Their Solutions

In the bustling environment of a restaurant kitchen, issues with prep tables can arise. From operational issues like problems with the refrigeration system to physical wear and tear on the stainless steel or cutting board, staying proactive can save both time and money.

  • Operational Issues: Ensuring optimal air intake and ventilation can prevent many issues. Regular checks on refrigeration components, including the fan motor delay, copper lines, and refrigerant lines, can ensure the food items remain at their ideal temperatures.
  • Physical Wear and Tear: Regular cleaning, especially after spills, is crucial. Using the right cleaning products can prevent corrosion, maintaining the stainless steel's shine and durability.

Regular Cleaning and Maintenance

Every restaurant equipment demands regular care, and prep tables are no exception. By adopting a regular cleaning schedule, one can avoid the accumulation of dirt, food residues, and spills.

  • Daily Cleaning: Ensuring that the prep area, cutting boards, and storage areas are clean post-service can prevent contamination and extend the table's life.
  • Periodic Deep Cleaning: Over time, unseen residues can accumulate in crevices, refrigeration systems, or under the table. A monthly or quarterly deep cleaning can prevent long-term issues.

Optimizing Operational Efficiency

A prep table's refrigeration system is its lifeline. A small issue, if left unattended, can escalate, affecting the food's quality and the kitchen's overall efficiency.

  • Ensuring Proper Ventilation: Good air circulation, whether from cold wall systems or air cooling units, ensures the refrigeration system runs efficiently.
  • Immediate Attention to Issues: Noticing a drop in temperature? Or perhaps the doors and drawers aren't closing properly? Immediate attention can prevent small problems from becoming significant issues.

What are Considerations to Make When Investing in a Prep Table?

One of the cornerstones of any successful kitchen lies in understanding the menu and its demands. The types of food you intend to store and prepare dictate the kind of prep table you'll need. A pizza joint, for instance, will have different needs from a salad bar or sandwich restaurant.

Specialized Prep Tables for Different Foods

Certain types of prep tables are specifically designed to cater to unique food items and dishes. For example, pizza prep tables often come equipped with space for ingredients and a cutting board for easy pizza prep.

On the other hand, sandwich prep tables are built with a pan rail designed to store a variety of ingredients for assembling sandwiches on the fly. If your business specializes in salads, there are salad prep tables with refrigerated storage sections below and food pans on top, ensuring fresh ingredients are always at the chef's fingertips.

Estimating the Volume and Capacity Needs

Understanding the day-to-day operations of your kitchen can guide the size and storage options of your prep table. A smaller establishment might benefit from a compact unit with fewer doors and drawers, while larger operations would require a more extensive work area and greater storage space.

Considering factors like potential growth, seasonal fluctuations, or plans to expand the menu can also influence the size choice.

Efficient Pan Storage and Food Pans

Space isn't just about the surface area of the prep table. Inside, the table needs efficient food pan storage for ingredients.

A good model might offer wire shelves or the option to adjust food pan temperatures. This way, chefs have immediate access to ingredients at the correct temperatures, ensuring dishes are crafted efficiently and to perfection.

Construction and Material

Investing in a prep table is a significant business decision. Thus, the construction material plays an integral role in determining the unit’s longevity and efficiency in the kitchen environment.

The Superiority of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel often tops the list when it comes to preferred materials for prep tables. And it's for a good reason. Stainless steel is not only durable but also resistant to corrosion, ensuring longevity. Its smooth surface also makes it easier for kitchen staff to clean, a crucial feature when dealing with food prep.

Examining Features and Performance

While material matters, it's also worth considering the specific features of various models. For instance, some units might offer air cooling, while others rely on cold wall systems. The efficiency of the refrigeration system, the thickness of the cutting boards, or even special features like sneeze guards or glass lids can make a significant difference in the unit’s value and performance in a busy kitchen.

Check The Refrigeration System

A refrigerated prep table's efficiency isn't just about keeping ingredients cold. It's about doing so efficiently. Quality units might use copper lines for their refrigerant lines, ensuring better cooling with fewer energy costs. Additionally, considerations like fan motor delay can help maintain pan temperatures, ensuring ingredients are always stored at the optimum temperature for freshness and safety.

Venturing into the Website and Customer Service

It's wise to research different restaurant equipment companies, browse their website page for the types of prep tables they offer, and assess their customer service. After all, the goal is to find a product tailored to your culinary niche and get the best value for your business..

One standout is NRES, a leading provider of top-notch refrigerated pizza prep tables and sandwich and salad prep tables. Known for their variety, quality, and impeccable customer service, NRES stocks products from industry giants like Atosa, Beverage Air, and Kelvinator. Their tables come equipped with everything from stainless steel roll tops to wooden cutting boards, catering to every restaurateur's unique needs.


Selecting the right prep table goes beyond aesthetics. From size to features, each aspect should resonate with the specific needs of the kitchen. Investing in a quality prep table can elevate the efficiency, hygiene, and overall experience of the culinary process.


  1. What temperature is a refrigerated prep table?

Typically, between 32°F (0°C) to 41°F (5°C) for optimal food safety.

  1. What material of tables is commonly used for food prep?

Stainless steel is the most common due to its durability, hygiene, and ease of maintenance.

  1. What is the difference between a restaurant work table and a restaurant prep table?

 A commercial (restaurant) work table is a versatile surface used for various tasks like plating and garnishing dishes. In contrast, a restaurant prep table is specifically designed for food preparation activities such as chopping, marinating, and mixing ingredients. Prep tables often have features like integrated cutting boards and storage for prep tools, while work tables are more general-purpose surfaces.


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